Pet sterilization is the best way to avoid unwanted births of dogs and cats and subsequent abandonment if they cannot be maintained or cared for. For this reason, there are more and more associations that castrate animals at affordable prices as a way to favor this decision of the owners.
Canine and feline overpopulation is manifested in the large number of animals that live on the streets in poor conditions – which, in addition, are a source of diseases that can affect people – or in pet shelters that do not supply or, what is more terrible, in the amount of animals that are slaughtered in municipal kennels. Faced with this reality, castration is imposed as a responsible option.
What is the sterilization of dogs and cats
Sterilization is a simple surgery that should always be performed by a veterinarian and that reaches both females and males, with the aim of eliminating the ability to reproduce. We tell you some details:
- The operation is performed under general anesthesia and is a low invasive procedure.
- Females have their ovaries removed and, in some cases, the uterus too.
- The males have their testicles removed.
- Animals can be castrated after six months.
- Complications are unlikely during surgery.
- The recovery is fast: in 24 or, at most, 48 hours, the animals return to their normal life.
In addition, you should know that, despite some entrenched beliefs, the sterilization of your pet will not change its character or make it fat. You just have to adapt your diet to the new circumstance. There are even foods specially designed for sterilized animals. Your veterinarian will know how to guide you. Castration does not, by itself, cause obesity but, by decreasing energy requirements, animals need less food.
Nor is it necessary that, before being operated, your dog or cat must have had breeding at least once, to guarantee her physical health and emotional balance. Keep in mind that the sexuality of animals is different from that of humans. It is totally dictated by its hormones. For this reason, they will not feel frustrated or manifest an irrefutable desire to have children despite having this possibility canceled by castration.
Other benefits of sterilization
In addition to avoiding overpopulation and, above all, abandonment and sacrifice, sterilizing a pet has other advantages:
- Animals will no longer escape or fight during periods of heat. That way you will get rid of the anguish that they get lost, suffer an accident or get hurt.
- Reduces the risk of developing certain pathologies.
- In females: bacterial infection of the uterus, cysts and ovarian tumors, breast cancer (if the surgery is performed before the first heat, the chances of suffering from it are almost nil).
- In males: testicular, anal and prostate tumors, prostatitis.
- It prevents the spread of some diseases, such as leukemia and feline immunodeficiency.
- It improves behavior. Marks and sometimes aggressive behaviors in males will disappear, which in many cases may be related to high levels of testosterone. The females, on the other hand, will no longer be irritable as they used to do in the periods of heat. In addition, they will stop suffering the so-called psychological pregnancies.”
Rest assured that the decision to sterilize your pet early will affect its existence in a positive way. Most likely, you will have a healthier and longer life. Even if you own a breed animal, do not feel obligated to ensure their offspring. In any case, be sure to ask the veterinarian all the questions that may arise regarding this issue.
According to statistics that manage animal protection associations, of every 10 offspring born only 2 will have access to a permanent home and the necessary care. For this reason, do not forget that, with castration, you will be contributing to control the population of cats and dogs, thus avoiding abandonment, poor living conditions, and massive euthanasia.