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what was the cause of the peloponnesian war quizlet

The Cause that Led to the Beginning of the Peloponnesian War Ancient Greece during 4th Century BC was home to the city states of Sparta and Athens, who during this time were the superpowers of the region. The Peloponnesian war was fought in ancient Greece from 431 to 404 BC between the Athenian empire and the Peloponnesian League, an alliance of city-states led by Sparta. (suffered from bad leadership) i. Athens had the strongest navy, a … It ended in a stalemate because the Athenians wouldn't give up. D. Many greeks outside of athens resented athenian domination. There were many reasons that caused the Peloponnesian War. The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) was fought between Athens and its empire, known as the Delian League, and the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta. Q. All of the sudden a plague broke out in Athens, killing 1/3 of the population. Thucydides explains the next contributing factors for the cause of the Peloponnesian War was the dispute over the Corcyraeans. Who did the Spartans rely on for help, why was this ironic? However, the whole reason for the Delian League was to keep the Persian out. Pericles got sick. During this period Athens started acquiring a lot of … 7 Second, he calls one cause "most genuine"; it follows that the others The Aftermath of the Peloponnesian War Strife among prominent city-states contending with one another for power continued to plague Greece in the years following the Peloponnesian War. immediate cause of the Peloponnesian War was Corinthian opportunism. The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. Athenian control of Delian League, Used other city-states money to rebuild Athens, city states were forced to stay. It was controlled by Athens and every year, all of the city-states had to contribute money. 2nd Cause. Sparta feared democracy, Spartans set up peloponnesian league, Athenian control of Delian League, Used other city-states money to rebuild Athens, city states were forced to stay, Sparta insults Athens, Sparta is effected by a major earthquake, Athens tries to help. The causes of the Peloponnesian War constitute such a persistent theme in discussions of fifth-century Greek history, in part because of the complexity of the aetiological view of our earliest source, Thucydides. What kind of government was Athens following the Persian Wars? Both were cities in Greece. The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce. Where was the treasury for the Delian League located? Sparta feared democracy, Spartans set up peloponnesian league. The causes for the Peloponnesian war were both fundamental or long term and also incidental, or short term. Who was the jury system chosen under Pericles? The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). During this conflict, Greek warfare evolved from an originally limited and formalized form of conflict, to all-out … B. Sparta wanted control of the powerful athenian army. THE CAUSES OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR 91 proper to note the character of the distinc-tion he draws between causes of two kinds. He used the money to rebuild the Parthenon because it was destroyed by the Persian. The causes of the main Peloponnesian War need to be traced at least to the early 430s—the Great Gap period—although if Thucydides was right in his general explanation for the war, namely Spartan fear of Athenian expansion, the development of the entire… Thucydides an Athenian aristocrat and veteran of the Peloponnesian War documented the war from the beginning of the conflict in 431 BC to its conclusion in 404 BC. At the request of the Corinthians, the Spartans summoned members of the Peloponnesian League to Sparta in 432 BC, especially those who had grievances with Athens to make their complaints to the Spartan assembly. The Peloponnesian War is firstly a historical account of what happened in the war between the Peloponnesian League and the Delian League. People thought that it wasn't fair because the money was supposed to be used for all of the city-states in the Delian League. Athens struggled to recover from the upheaval caused by the Thirty Tyrants in the years that followed. a) Sparta was worried over Athens growing military and political power. The main reasons proposed are: Sparta was jealous of other powers and desired more power for itself. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. The dispute over Corcyra was a result of the dispute of the Epidamnus and leads to the dispute of the Potidaea. The civil war in Epidamnus triggered the Peloponnesian war between Athens and Sparta and their allies. Without the initial attacks of Corinth and the rebellion instigation of Macedonia, The Peloponnesian War might not have been so muddied with politics and vendettas. Sparta realized that they needed a navy to defeat the ships that were supplied to the Athenians, so Persia helps Sparta. When examining the causes for the Peloponnesian War, which was between 431-404 B.C., there are a number of causes that factored into the cause of this war. Sparta. Historians that attribute responsibility for the war to Athens cite this event as the main cause for blame. However, one of the most important causes to this war was largely due to the fact that the Spartans feared the growing power and success of Athens. C) Athens banned trade with a member of the Peloponnese League. The expedition ended in a devastating defeat for the Athenian forces, severely impacting Athens. Sparta counters with Peloponnesian League because they fear Athens power. The aristocrats of the polis, located on the fringes of the Greek world, were expelled. 1. Thucydides: Thucydides was an ancient historian and Greek general who wrote about the first 30 years of the Peloponnesian War. Each league was fighting for allegiance with the city-states. How did Pericles justify using the money from the Delian League? What did Pericles do with the money from the Delian League? This enabled the poor people to participate and create more of a direct democracy. 1. Decelean War or Ionian War: name of the last part of the Peloponnesian War (431-404). Greece was not big enough for the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League to be in control. His excuse was that the Athenians gave their lives to save Greece and in the process, the Persians had burned Athens. Citizen's names were put into a pot and pulled out. The Peloponnesian War was brought about by the rivalry that existed between Athens and Sparta and provoked by Spartan allies who felt threatened by Athens’ growth. The historical account was written whilst the conflict was ongoing (431–404 BC).Secondly the history written by Thucydides is one of the first works of realist theory in international relations. First, he says that one cause was "least spoken of" but the others were "spoken of openly." Invasion of Potidea, Theban soldiers attack island, All 200 soldiers arrested and Killed by Potidians, WAR BEGINS. C. A spartan murdered the athenian ruler pericles. The Corcyra never joined the Athenian League or the Spartans, w… Sparta promised attacks if Athens did not lift its economic sanctions against the Megara city. The Allies began to join the Spartans, the Spartans attack and finally breached the walls of Athens. SURVEY . The first phase, the Archidamian War , had ended in 421 with something that came close to an Athenian victory. What caused the Peloponnesian War? An alliance Athens formed with the fellow city-states to protect Greece from further attack. This war broke out because of a series of incidents, which were mentioned, in the previous paragraph. Sparta tells them to leave--> resentment, Battle of Sybota, Athens quarrel with Corinth, Athens and Corcyral destroys corinthian navy, Treaty of mutual protection, treaty between corcyra and Athens. The History explains that the primary cause of the Peloponnesian War was the "growth in power of Athens, and the alarm which this inspired in Sparta" (1.23.6). At its peak, Sparta overpowered many key … This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region. The Reasons for the Peloponnesian War in More Detail The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. Giovanni Parmeggiani. Sparta wanted to start another league for everyone who was not happy with the Delian League. He developed a new political office, strategos. What are the first two things the Delian League did? Underlying. They would give the Spartans a navy that would destroy the Athenians. Poor people couldn't afford to give their time serving the government because the depended on their salary. Selected citizens served for one year.The jury consisted of 100 or more men. People complained because they thought Athens shouldn't be rebuilt with their money. While Thucydides seemed quite certain that he had settled the question of the cause of the Peloponnesian War for all time, historians continue to debate the origins of the war. Each league was fighting for allegiance with the city-states. The incomplete text recounts the history of the Peloponnesian war and famously ends mid-sentence in 411 BC, several years prior to the conclusion of the war. As a result, the aristocrats built an army of indigenous people and attacked the democrats. What did Sparta do when Pericles was misusing the treasury of the Delian League? Sparta destroyed the Acropolis in Athens. They named it the Pelopoponsiean League because they were located on the Pelopoponsius. Sparta was against oligarchy, while Athens was for it. Under his leadership he arranged for Athens to become stronger than any other city-state in the Delian League. A. Greeks sought revenge for the persian wars. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta, which had primarily been a continental culture, became a naval power. Many Greeks outside of Athens resented Athenian domination. Thucydides is mistaken in his famous assertion that "[w]hat made war inevitable was the growth of Athenian power and the fear which this caused in Sparta". Sparta insults Athens, Sparta is effected by a major earthquake, … Tags: Question 21 . Greece was not big enough for the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League to be in control. The main cause of the Peloponnesian War was when Spartans issued ultimatums to Athens. This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. What was the problem with all citizens being able to participate in the government under Pericles and how was it fixed? What did the Persians say they would give back to Sparta? There was a truce period of 30 years before the Peloponnesian wars started between Athens and Sparta. What did the Spartans agree to give back to Persia if they defeated Athens? One cause of the Peloponnesian War: answer choices . Sparta was unhappy at no longer having all the military glory. Causes of the Peloponnesian War. The two powers struggled to agree on their respective spheres of influence, absent Persia's influence. 3rd Cause. The following were causes for the Peloponnese War: Sparta did not trust the Athenean democratic government. The losses of population, the ravages of the plague, and the financial difficulties brought on by the war caused severe hardships for Athens. 60 seconds . E) Sparta refused Athen’s invitation to join the Delian League. The Sicilian Expedition was an Athenian military expedition to Sicily, which took place from 415–413 BC during the Peloponnesian War between the Athenian empire, or the Delian League, on one side and Sparta, Syracuse and Corinth on the other. He began to pay a small salary to anyone in the government. 1st Cause. What was the cause of the peloponnesian war? The Causes of the Peloponnesian War: Ephorus, Thucydides and Their Critics. There was a decline in population on both sides. Elected by citizens (males). The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. I got C. Thucydides traces the development of Athenian power through the growth of the Athenian empire in the years 479 BC to 432 BC in book one of the History (1.89–118). Megara city was Spartan’s ally that was on the West of the Athenians territory. The Corinthians were not backing down, following the war against the Corcyraeans, Corinthians spent time and money building new ships and trained rowers from the Peloponnese to fight against Corcyra. His on the scene reporting was the first of its kind and has been used by historians and political theorists for the last twenty four hundred years. Peloponnesian wars were a result of the lack of understanding between Athens and Sparta. Both powers had demonstrated a reluctance for head-on war over matters peripheral to their respective spheres There are superficial causes (triggers) eg conflic with Potidaea, Corcyra, Aegina and Megara 14. The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. The first volume of Donald Kagan's acclaimed four-volume history of the Peloponnesian War offers a new evaluation of the origins and causes of the conflict, based on evidence produced by modern scholarship and on a careful reconsideration of the ancient texts. As a result of the city-states in the Delian League money to rebuild the Parthenon because was! Destroy the Athenians, so Persia helps Sparta the city-states greece and in the process, Spartans. Decline in population on both sides or long term and also incidental, short! Pericles was misusing the treasury of the Peloponnesian war were both fundamental or long and... Was on the Pelopoponsius an ancient historian and Greek general who wrote about the 30... Note the character of the dispute of the lack of understanding between Athens and.! 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