The dogs may experience digestive discomfort for a wide variety of reasons. Common causes that affect the digestive tract of dogs includes dietary indiscretion (eating trash, table food, foreign objects), allergies and hypersensitivity to certain foods, parasites (worms, hookworms, trichocephalos or tapeworms), viral infections (canine parvovirus and canine coronavirus, especially in unvaccinated puppies), bacteria (salmonella) and diseases of the liver, pancreas, adrenal glands, prostate or kidneys.
Symptoms of digestive problems
Some of the most common symptoms include changes in appetite, stool quality, regurgitation or vomiting, weight loss, abdominal pain, lethargy, and fever. If your dog’s digestive problems continue for more than 24 or 48 hours, take him to the vet. In dogs with continuous or severe diarrhea, vomiting and loss of appetite or thirst, the risk of dehydration and infection increases. In that sense, professionals usually administer subcutaneous fluids or injectable antibiotics to help prevent these complications.
The digestive disorders are very common and most disappear within a few days. However, some dogs need long-term treatment because they have regular or permanent digestive problems.
Your dog’s food can have a significant impact on the health of the digestive tract. Changing your pet’s diet could be a success, depending on the specific diagnosis and symptoms that the animal presents. Because several of these gastrointestinal conditions may be permanent, perhaps long-term nutritional treatment should be followed. And don’t forget: To have an accurate diagnosis and treatment, always consult a trusted veterinarian.
More common diseases
- Inflammatory gastritis and inflammatory bowel disease: These types of health problems may include several symptoms. Factors such as stress and a not very healthy diet can cause this chronic disease, which leads to loss of appetite, vomiting or diarrhea of your pet. Veterinarians often prescribe injectable medications and antibiotics, especially for diarrhea. In chronic cases, they usually prescribe prednisone to reduce inflammation.
- Intestinal parasites: Dogs of any age can suffer intestinal parasites, although it is very common in puppies. The most common mode of transmission of intestinal parasites is the fecal-oral route. Owners must be aware of the health risks that these parasites carry.
- Stress, overcrowding and poor diet are the most common factors that lead to the excessive growth of parasites. The diagnosis requires a fecal exam performed by a veterinarian. To combat them you can use natural remedies, which include pumpkin seeds and wheat germ oil for the control of tapeworms. It is also advisable to add extra fiber to your dog’s diet, either in the form of oat bran or wheat, as these foods can help eliminate worms in the digestive tract. It is also important to take the animal to a veterinarian and provide the necessary medication to be dewormed.
- Dietary indiscretion, food allergies, and hypersensitivities: One of the most common causes of digestive problems in dogs is to consume inappropriate food, such as cat food, litter or non-digestible items can be found in the house and yard. Usually, these dogs have acute vomiting or diarrhea and show a great loss of appetite. The diagnosis of these problems is usually made through a physical examination, but it may also involve an X-ray study. Veterinary treatment may vary, depending on the cause. In some circumstances, activated charcoal can be used orally to help find toxins. Some homeopathic remedies can also be used and it is advised that animals follow a natural and homemade diet.
- Diseases of the pancreas: Many pets with pancreatic diseases are likely to have diarrhea, increased appetite, and weight loss. In some cases, this is due to a deficiency of pancreatic enzymes, known as exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. In other cases, loss of appetite, vomiting and abdominal pain can be caused by acute or chronic pancreatitis. The diagnosis is made through a physical examination and blood tests.